Article II of the Fund's Amended and Restated Agreement and Declaration of Trust (the "Declaration") currently limits the ability of persons to own more than 4.99% of the Fund's outstanding shares without the Trustees' prior approval ("4.99% Share Limitations"). The 4.99% Share Limitations may assist the Board to better defend against takeover activities, such as to defend against arbitrageurs attempting to make a short term profit in Fund shares while trading at a discount to net asset value potentially at the expense of long term investors. The 4.99% Share Limitations also are intended to have the effect of impeding or discouraging a merger, tender offer, or proxy contest.
The Declaration generally restricts any person from attempting to purchase or otherwise acquire (an "Acquisition"), without the Trustees' prior approval, any direct or indirect interest in the Fund's shares (or, if issued in the future, options, warrants, or other rights to acquire Fund shares or securities convertible or exchangeable into them), if the Acquisition would either (1) cause such person to become either an owner (within the meaning of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 ("Code")) or a beneficial owner (within the meaning of Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder and exemptions granted therefrom, both as amended from time to time (the "Exchange Act")) of greater than 4.99% of the Shares, (a "Five Percent Shareholder") or (2) increase the percentage of Shares owned by a Five Percent Shareholder. Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act provides that "[f]or the purposes of sections 13(d) and 13(g) of the [Exchange] Act, a beneficial owner of a security includes any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise has or shares: (1) Voting power which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of, such security; and/or, (2) Investment power which includes the power to dispose, or to direct the disposition of, such security."
The Declaration provides that any Acquisition attempted to be made in violation of the 4.99% Share Limitations will be null and void ab initio to the fullest extent permitted by law and contains detailed terms that seek to achieve that result. It also provides that any person who knowingly violates the 4.99% Share Limitations, or any persons in the same control group with such a person, shall be liable to the Fund for, and shall indemnify and hold it harmless against, any and all damages suffered as a result of the violation, including damages resulting from a reduction in or elimination of the Fund's ability to use its current or potential capital loss carryovers under Section 1212 of the Code, as amended, from previous taxable years and unrealized capital losses in its portfolio and attorneys' and auditors' fees incurred in connection with such violation.
There is no assurance that the Fund's investment objectives will be attained. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. You should consider the investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses of the Fund carefully before investing. The Fund's investment policies, management fees, and other matters of interest to prospective investors may be found in its filings with the SEC including its annual and semi-annual reports. To obtain a copy of the reports, please call us at 212-785-0900 or download them at http://dividendandincomefund.com/fundinfo.html. Please read the reports carefully before investing.
Shares of closed end funds frequently trade at a discount from their NAV. This characteristic is a risk separate and distinct from the risk that the Fund's NAV could decrease as a result of its investment activities. Neither the Fund nor its investment manager can predict whether shares of the Fund will trade at, below or above NAV.
This website is provided for informational purposes only. This is not a prospectus, circular, or representation intended for use in the purchase of shares of the Fund or any securities mentioned in this communication. This information presented on this website shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy, nor shall there be any sale of, these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state, or an exemption therefrom. The contents herein are qualified in their entirety by documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Investment products, including shares of closed end funds and mutual funds, are not federally or FDIC insured, are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any financial institution and involve investment risk, including possible loss of principal and fluctuation in value. Consult with your tax advisor or attorney regarding specific tax issues.